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UNDER CONSTRUCTION

THE ANCESTORS OF MARY CROSBY LANGHORNE

1628 - 1667


      JOHN CROSBY,  b. abt. 1440, d. between 20 Apr. 1502, the time his will was dated, and 8 Jun. 1502, date of probate. He was about 62 years old. He was buried in the Choir of Parish Church, Styllingfleet, Yorks. Bartlett's research had him of Alne and Stillingfleet, Yorkshire. Willed two houses in Flaworth, Yorkshire, a village in the Parish of Alne. (see will below). The name of his wife or wives is unknown, and a wife isn't mentioned in his will so she probably predeceased him.

    Prindle states of him, "members of the yeomandry were almost always buried in the churchyard. The fact that John was to be buried in the choir of the church indicated his high standing in the community.".

     John Crosbie's is translated from the orig. Latin. Obtained by Dr. Bartlett and part of the Bartlett Collection at the NEHGS. Here as it was presented in Prindle's article in the Register.

"To be buried in the choir of the parish church of Stillyngfleyte. To the church of Stilyngfleyte L4. To the four orders of the bretherene of York, 2s. To my son John, 6s 8d. to my son Richard, 10 sheep, 2 calves and 20s. To my daughter Emme, 6s 8d. To my daughter Agnes, 6s 8d. To my son Robert, 20s. To my son Miles, the remainder of all the years which I have in a house called Gyhouse, lying in Flaworth, with the appurtenances. To John Crosby, son of Robert Crosby, a house called Boyhowse, lying in Flaworth, with appurtenances. All the residue of my goods to my son William and my son Miles, they to be executors. Witness: John Mylin, Chaplain."

CHILDREN:

 SOURCES:

  1. NEHGS - Bartlett Collection, SG/BAR/86, carton 3. Primary source for the English research in "Simon Crosby the Emigrant" and Prindle's NEHGR article.

  2. Paul W. Prindle, "NEHGR", Vol. 119,  243, 248, October 1965. "THE YORKSHIRE ANCESTRY OF THE THREE CROSBY SISTERS OF ROWLEY, MASS."  

  3. Children - Eleanor Davis Crosby, "SIMON CROSBY THE EMIGRANT", 1914, p. 5, derived from Bartlett's research.

  4. Will - "PEROROGATIVE AND ESCHEQUER OF YORK WILLS", Vol 6., p. 29. Copy in Bartlett Collection.


     JOHN CROSBY JR., b. abt. 1470 Alne or Styllingfleet, Yorkshire, Eng. The name of his wife is not known. No records have been located for his marriage or death, nor a copy of his Will or the probate of a Will. It wasn't apparent from Prindle's article if John Crosby Jr. removed to Holme-on-Spaulding Moor, Yorkshire but three of his sons are noted as being of Holme, Alan, James and THOMAS. Perhaps the Bartlett collection contains something additional which would clarify this since Prindle noted that he had only a "brief time available" for his research.

CHILDREN:

*Note: Prindle indicated that information also exists on the descendants of Robert, James and Richard. [this probably in the Bartlett Collection at NEHGS.]

SOURCES:

  1. NEHGS - Bartlett Collection, SG/BAR/86, carton 3. Primary source for the English research in "Simon Crosby the Emigrant" and for Prindle's NEHGR article.

  2. Paul W. Prindle, "NEHGR", Vol. 119,  243, 248, October 1965, "THE YORKSHIRE ANCESTRY OF THE THREE CROSBY SISTERS OF ROWLEY, MASS."

  3. Eleanor Davis Crosby, "SIMON CROSBY THE EMIGRANT", 1914, p. 5, derived from Bartlett's research.


       THOMAS CROSBY,  b. abt. 1505 Yorkshire, resided and died in Holme-on-Spaulding Moor, Yorkshire. His will was dated 4 Aug. 1555 Holme-on-Spaulding Moor, and was proved 10 Oct. 1555 by his son Richard. ; m. JENNET  _____, about 1630. Jennet's maiden name is not known but the Bartlett collection of the NEHGS contains the will of Isabel Foster, widow of John Foster of Holme, dated 26 Dec 1552 and probated 4 Feb. 1552/53 in which a bequest was made to "Jane Crosbye my daughter". Prindle notes that Jane Crosby was clearly her daughter by another husband since John Foster had not mentioned a daughter named Jane in his will of 7 Nov. 1552. and speculates that Isabel may have been a sister or half sister to "...my brother Robert Sutton" whose children she bequeathed to in her will. Prindle continues with a reasoned assesment of the possibility of this "Jane Crosbye"  being identical with Jenett, the wife of THOMAS CROSBY. In doing so he rules out THOMAS'  first cousin, Thomas Crosby* (son of Miles Crosby), who also resided in Holme,  and who also had a wife named Jennett, she being the widow of John Bell.   Prindle continues by noting the fact that  THOMAS CROSBY'S Will was witnessed by a John Foster, providing an additional link with the Foster family of Holme and concludes that "it seems probable (italics mine) that THOMAS CROSBY'S wife Jennet was "identical with Jane, daughter of Isabel Foster." He finishes this by hoping that "clarification of these points will be forthcoming."

    Thomas Crosby's Will, derived by Prindle from the Bartlett collection, and obtained by Bartlett from York Wills, is as follows:

     "Soule to God, St. Mary, and all the Holy Company of Heaven; to be furied in church yard of Holme. To Wife Jennet Crosbye - - a yoke of oxen, son Richard Crosby - a brown stott. Son Michaell - 10 ewes, etc. Son James Crosbye - a pair of wayne sheres. Daughters Agnes and Alice Crosbie, such cattell as was delivered to them. Elizabeth Crosbie, a bushel of rye, and to yer youngest son a yowe, at lawful age.  To Margaret and Jennet Crosbye, my sons daughter's, a lamb each.  To Sons Robert and Rycharde Crosbye, doublets.  To my children James and Alice Crosbye, sheep in the tenure of Thomas Barker and Thomas Johnson. To daughters Agnes and Alice Crosby, two formes.  To sons Richard and James Crosbye, all lands in Fowlaye in the fields of Holme.  All residue of goods to my wife Jennet and sons Richarde, Mychaell, and James Crosbie, they to be esecutors. Witnesses: John Horman, John Foster, Matthew Millington."

*This Thomas Crosby was the great grandfather of Simeon Crosby, of London, who emigrated to New England in May of 1635.and settled in Cambridge, MA.

CHILDREN:

* Prindle noted that information on Michael Crosby's descendants was available. [Prob. in the Bartlett Collection.]

SOURCES:

  1. NEHGS - Bartlett Collection, SG/BAR/86, carton 3. Primary source for the English research in "Simon Crosby the Emigrant" and for Prindle's NEHGR article.

  2. Paul W. Prindle, "NEHGR", Vol. 119,  243, 248, October 1965, "THE YORKSHIRE ANCESTRY OF THE THREE CROSBY SISTERS OF ROWLEY, MASS."

  3. Eleanor Davis Crosby, "SIMON CROSBY THE EMIGRANT", 1914, p. 5, derived from Bartlett's research.

  4. Will -  "PEROROGATIVE AND ESCHEQUER OF YORK WILLS", vol. 10, p. 20. Copy in Bartlett Collection


       RICHARD CROSBY,  b. abt 1532 prob. Holme-on-Spaulding Moor, Yorkshire, Eng., and d. between 10 Apr. 1586 and 6 July 1586 in Holme-upon-Spaulding Moor, Yorks, Eng.; Richard married MARGARET _____ bef. 1556. She was buried on 20 Oct 1591 in Holme. Prindle notes that Margaret's maiden name was perhaps Stennson, as she bequeathed clothes to "Sis (Cecelia?) Stennson, my sister.", but considering Margaret's age and the probable age of a sister of hers, I think it is much more likely - excluding the possibility "Sis" never married - that Stennson was her married name rather than her maiden name.

   Richard Crosby's Will, dated 10 April 1586 and proved on 6 Jul. 1586, obtained by Prindle from the Bartlett Collection and by Dr. Bartlett from "York Wills", is as follows in Prindle's article:

"To be buried in church yard. To son Thomas Crosby, a yoke of drawne stotts. To son Robert Crosby, a yoke of Stotts undrawn. To wife Margaret Crosbye, two old oxen. To daughter Elizabeth Crosbie, two drawne Stotts, and a brown mare I bought of John Wetherall, etc. To said daughter Elizabeth 2 acres of land in more ridge and in the east yng of Holme (and other lands). To son Robert Crosbie, land in Holme called Rowlay, and to his heirs, and if none, to Thomas Crosbie and John Crosbye my sons (other land to them). To Peter and Margaret Crosbie, children of my son John Crosbie, lanbs, etc. To the children of Henry Smith of Brighton and the first child of Katheren Granger, lambs, etc. to wife margaret Crosby and sons Thomas and Robert Crosbie, the lease of the farm where I dwell, and residue of goods, they to be executors. Witnesses: Willm Lambart, Henry Haton, Miles Wright, Peter Granger, Willm Howlaye."

        The Will of Margaret Crosby, widow of Richard, is dated 12 Oct. 1591 and proved 15 Jan. 1591/92, obtained by Prindle from the Bartlett Collection and by Dr. Bartlett from "York Wills", is as follows in Prindle's article:

   "To the two children of John Crosbie, brass, etc. To John Crosbie's daughter, a coffer. To John Crosbie's two children, 10s each when of age.  To George Clarke, 8s. To Sis Stennson, my sister, clothes. To Willm Beadle's wife, a kerchief. To Willm Mease, a mett of rye. All residue of goods to my son Thomas Crosbie, he to be sole executor. Witnesses:  Willm Begdall and John Wetherell. Also to son Thomas Crossebie my part of the lease in the moor end for 8 years."

CHILDREN:

*The descendants of Thomas and Robert Crosby are know.

SOURCES:

  1. Paul W. Prindle, "NEHGR", Vol. 119,  243, 248, October 1965, "THE YORKSHIRE ANCESTRY OF THE THREE CROSBY SISTERS OF ROWLEY, MASS."

  2. NEHGS, Bartlett Collection, SG/BAR/86, carton 3.

  3. Richard's Will -  "PEROROGATIVE AND ESCHEQUER OF YORK WILLS", vol. 23, p. 231.

  4. Margaret's Will - "PEROROGATIVE AND ESCHEQUER OF YORK WILLS", vol. 24, p. 780.

  5. Daughter Elizabeth's Will, "PEROROGATIVE AND ESCHEQUER OF YORK WILLS", v. 21, p. 632.

  6. Eleanor Davis Crosby, "SIMON CROSBY THE EMIGRANT", 1914, p. 5, derived from Bartlett's research.


     JOHN CROSBY, b. abt. 1556 in Holme-upon-Spaulding Moor, Yorkshire, Eng. and d. in Holme between 29 Oct. 1604 (Will) and 11 Jan. 1604/05 (Probate). John married (1) a woman whose name is not known, who d. by Aug. 1594. They had four children. John married (2) JANE WEBSTER on 31 Aug 1594 prob. in Yorkshire, Eng., they had one child.

   The administration of John Crosby's Will was assigned by him to Margaret Crosby, his eldest surviving child. She proved his will on 11 Jan 1605/05 but was herself deceased by 2 Aug. 1605 when her stepmother Jane Webster Crosby was given administration of her estate.

John Crosby's Will as shown in Prindle's article:

   "To wife Jane for life the house I live in, she paying a rent of 26s. 8d. yearly to my son Robert Crosby, beginning when he is 21; and he is to have said estate at her death. If wife remarry, she to give security to Robert Millington, to keep estate in repair. If all my children die s.p., then said estate to the children of Henry Patchett and Rowland Smith. To daughter Margaret, two cows, etc. If wife be with child, it to have two cows. All residue to daughter Margaret, she to be executrix. Witnesses: John Millington, Robert Millington."

     John's wish to leave his estate to the children of Hanry Patchett and Rowland Smith if his own children died without issue leads me to wonder exactly what relationship John had with those children. His only known sister died without issue, so unless he had another sister or two whose names have not been discovered he could not have been blood uncle to them.  

   A complication arose in the administration of the estates of John Crosby and his daughter Margaret. A man named Richard Yeoman of Holme-on-Spaulding Moor with a real or percieved claim upon the estate of John Crosby because through his attorney, a "Mr. Fothergill" he filed against the estate, and  on -

"16 Jan. 1606/7 warning was made not to give administration on the estate of John Crosbie, late of Holme-on-Spaulding Moor, nor on the portion of Margarete Crosbie, late of Holme-on-Spaulding Moor, not yet administered, without first "notefying" Yeoman or his attorney."York Wills"

   This claim was settled by 13 Feb.1606/07 for on that date John Webster, perhaps a brother of Jane, was given guardianship of nine year old Robert Crosby and administration of John Crosby's estate was given to the same John Webster and his ward, John Crosby's only surviving child, Robert Crosby. The estate inventory was less than forty pounds. "York Wills"

    Now, what of Jane Webster Crosby?  Her stepdaughter Margaret had previously designated Jane as the executrix of her estate in Aug.1605,  yet 17 months later in Feb. 1606/07, when her son was being assigned as a ward and co-executor of her late husband's estate, there is no mention of her. Less than a month earlier she was conspicuous by her absence of mention in the suit filed Richard Yeoman against her late husband's estate Had Jane died during that 17 months? Robert was her only child by John Crosby and it would seem improbable that there would be no mention of her in some fashion during these proceedings unless she was dead.

CHILDREN of John Crosby and his (1) wife:

CHILD of John Crosby and (2) Jane Webster:

SOURCES:

  1. NEHGS, Bartlett Collection, SG/BAR/86, carton 3. [The English research on the Crosby family by Dr. Bartlett]

  2. Paul W. Prindle, "NEHGR", Vol. 119,  243, 248, October 1965, "THE YORKSHIRE ANCESTRY OF THE THREE CROSBY SISTERS OF ROWLEY, MASS."

  3.  John Crosby's Will - "PEROROGATIVE AND ESCHEQUER OF YORK WILLS", vol. 29, p. 453.

  4. Administration of Margaret Crosby's Will - "HARTHILL DEANERY"

  5. Warning, guardianship and last assignment of administration were apparently from - "PEROROGATIVE AND ESCHEQUER OF YORK WILLS", vol. 29, p. 453.


     ROBERT CROSBY, the emigrant, was  baptized 30 Oct. 1596 in Holme-on-Spaulding Moor, Yorkshire, Eng. and died before 1642, probably in Rowley, Essex Co., MA.

     On 13 Feb. 1606/07, at the age of 9, after the deaths of his father and older sister, Robert  Crosby was assigned into the guardianship of John Webster, possibly of Holme and possibly his uncle. He was also named as co-administrator of his father's estate. Robert's mother Jane was probably still alive at this time but nothing in Prindle's article indicates when or where she died.

     Robert married CONSTANCE BRIGHAM in about 1622 in Holme-on-Spaulding Moor, Yorkshire, Eng. Constance was born about 1601, probably in Holme, and was buried on 25 Jan. 1683/84 in Rowley, Essex Co., MA. She was the daughter of  THOMAS BRIGHAM and ISABEL WATSON of Holme-on-Spaulding Moor.

   I've been unable to discover when Robert Crosby brought his wife and family to New England. But Hannah, the youngest of his children was bapt. in 31 Oct. 1634 in Holme-On-Spaulding Moor. So they would have had to have emigrated after that date. They settled in Rowley, Essex Co., MA. where Robert was dead by 1642. This date is used because Constance recieved a grant of an acre and a half house lot in 1643. In 1674 Constance consented to the choice of Daniel Wickham as the guardian for her orphaned grand daughter Sarah Longhorne (sic). Constance was listed as a Freeholder in Rowley on 28 Jan. 1677.

Freeholders of Rowley, 1677 Copied from the Possession Books, and communicated by Matthew A. Stickney, Esq., of Salem, Mass.

  CHILDREN:

SOURCES:

  1. Guardianship of Robert Crosby, and the last assignment of administration of the estate of John Crosby, were apparently from - "PEROROGATIVE AND ESCHEQUER OF YORK WILLS", vol. 29, p. 453.

  2.  "ESSEX COUNTY QUARTERLY COURT FILES", V.21, leaf 45. Petition to the court, dated Ipswich, 4:3:1674, "Constance Crosbie Grandmother to this orphan Sarah Longhorne under-standing that Daniel Wickham is like to be perswaded to accept of Guardianship for her:" (") I thinking that the had need of one that hath more experience to oversee her and for other reasons I am very unwilling & doe desire that such a thing may not be proceeded in or granted till Thomas Longhorne of Cambridge, her uncle, knowes and gives his consent for he takes more care of the children than I expected he would have done; not more at present, your poor & humble servant & handmaide. (")"

  3. Walter Lee Sheppard, NEHGR, Vol. 120, 1966, pp. 21-25. "The Watson Ancestry of Constance (Brigham) Crosby of Holme-upon-Spalding Moor, Yorkshire, and Rowley, Mass., And Notes on the Southeron and Millington Families"

  4. Paul W. Prindle, "NEHGR", Vol. 119,  243, 248, October 1965. "THE YORKSHIRE ANCESTRY OF THE THREE CROSBY SISTERS OF ROWLEY, MASS.".

  5. "NEW ENGLAND FAMILY HISTORY", Henry Cole Quimby, Vol. 1, p. 103; "Crosby, Mary, born 1628; married 16, 11 mo., 1647, Richard Longhorne"

  6. Eleanor Davis Crosby, "SIMON CROSBY THE EMIGRANT", 1914

  7. G. B. Blodgette, "EARLY SETTLERS OF ROWLEY, MASSACHUSETTS", Revised & Ed. by Amos E. Jewett. "...three of Robert Crosby's daughters married Rowley men and left descendants: Jane Crosby maried 29 Oct. 1644 John Pickard and had eight children. All of whom married; Mary Crosby married 16 Jan. 1647/8 Richard Longhorne and left four surviving married daughters; and Hannah Crosby married 6 Dec. 1655 Capt. John Johnson and had three married children and many grandchildren." [this from Prindle, "Yorkshire Ancestry..." see above.]

  8. NOTE:   Most American works in the 20th century concerning the Crosby/Brigham and allied families of Holme-upon-Spaulding-Moor, Yorkshire are founded upon the work of Dr. Joseph Gardner Bartlett, and his wife Elizabeth French Bartlett, both professional genealogists, and both productive members of the NEHGS. Dr. died in 1927 and his widow combined his mss. collection with her own. After her death in 1961, their combined collections were acquired by the NEHGS as the "Bartlett Collection, SG/BAR/86. Dr. Bartlett did the English research for Eleanor Davis Crosby's "SIMON CROSBY THE EMIGRANT", submitting to Mrs. Crosby a 237 page typewritten report. Both NEHGR articles quoted here made extensive use of the Bartlett Collection as their source. Carton 3 of the Bartlett collection contains carbons of the report by Dr. Bartlett to Mrs. Crosby along with many charts outling the collateral families associated with this Crosby line in Yorkshire..

  9. Burke's, "AMERICAN FAMILIES OF ENGLISH ANCESTRY" [Gives the line of Simeon Crosby of Cambridge, fourth cousin of Robert Crosby. This Simeon married Ann Brigham, the sister of Constance Brigham who m.Robert Crosby. Robert and Simeon Crosby were both g-g-g grandsons John Crosbye 1440-1502, the earliest known progenitor of the Crosby line.

  10. Burial of Constance - V. 22, Essex Hist. Coll, pp. 230-231


     MARY CROSBY, b. abt 1628 at Holme-on-Spaulding Moor, Yorkshire, Eng., and died on 29 Dec. 1667 at Rowley, Essex Co., MA. She married RICHARD LANGHORNE on 16 Jan 1647/48 at Rowley, Essex Co., MA. He was the son of JOHN LANGHORNE and JANE CLEMETT.

CHILDREN:

  1. Thomas Langnorne, was born in Oct. 1648 and died in Dec. of 1653 in Rowley

  2. Elizabeth Langhorne was born  in 1649 in Rowley, MA, and died on 29 Mar. 1704 in Bradford, MA. She married Abraham Hazeltine on 7 Oct. 1669 in Rowley.

  3. CONSTANCE LANGHORNE

  4. Samuel Langhorne was born in in 1654 and died in July of 1660 in Rowley.

  5. Thomas Langhorne was born in 1657 and died in 1660 in Rowley.

  6. Sarah Langhorne, b. 6 Dec 1660 Rowley.

  7. Bethiah Langhorne was born 9 April 1662 in Rowley Essex Co., MA.She m. Amos Merritt on 2 Nov 1681 in Rowley

  8. Richard Langhorne Jr. was born on 20 May 1665 and died in June of 1668 in Rowley

  9. Thomas Langhorne was born in 1667 and died on 11 June 1668 in Rowley.


SOURCES:

  1. Vital Records of Newbury, Mass., "Longhorne, Richard and Mary (married) 16 Nov 1647"; "Mary, wife of Richard, buried 29 Nov. 1667".

  2. Paul W. Prindle, "NEHGR", Vol. 119,  243, 248, October 1965. "THE YORKSHIRE ANCESTRY OF THE THREE CROSBY SISTERS OF ROWLEY, MASS."



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